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FAQs on the registration of domain names

How long does it take until a domain name I have applied for is actually registered? How will I find out whether the registration was successful or not?

Usually your domain registration is passed on in real-time to the appropriate registry. With certain TLDs however no real-time registration is possible, since different conditions must be documented in form of written proofs. In this cases our support team informs you. As soon as the registration was accomplished or rejected by the registry, you will receive an automatically message from our system. .de domain names or com/.net/.org for example are registered within a few minutes and at the latest connected in the InterNet after 24 hours.

What domain names exist? What is the meaning of the endings .de, .com, .eu, etc.?

The Domain Name System (DNS) has a hierarchical structure, at whose very top the so-called Top Level Domains (TLD) comes. On the one hand there are the so-called generic Top Level Domains (gTLD) as for example com, net, org, which are not assigned to any particular country, on the other hand there are numerous country-specific Top Level Domains (ccTLD), called Country Code Top Level Domains. They include de (Germany), ch (Switzerland), fr (France), it (Italy), uk (England) and many more.

The next tier marks the "Second Level Domains" - thus then "4ret.net" is meant for example. In order to designate autonomous subsections in addition, Third Level Domains (also Subdomains called) are used - e.g.. "secure.4reg.net". The "www" before the domain name is the host name, which is usually defined locally with the provider.

A domain name is shown as registered, but there doesn't seem to be a website to go with it. Why not?

Possibly the domain name was registered without name servers. As s general rule same servers are added if the domain name and the website are switched live by the hosting provider. However the correctly set of name servers does not mean that also a web page has to be found or that the web server, on which the data are saved is attainable. Possibly the domain name is only used for eMail or FTP and likewise it can be, that the name servers are not (or no longer) correctly configured.

Are there any limitations on the choice of names?

The rules for permissible domain names are not the same with the various registries. The length of a domain name mostly amount between 3 and 63 characters, umlauts are possible with some TLDs. Please consider therefore the respective

Terms and Agreements of the particular registry (Registry policies)

Can I change my domain name? I've registered the wrong domain name. What can I do about it?

Once a domain name has been registered, it is impossible to change it. If you decide you don't want the domain name you have registered, you will have to delete it and make a new application for the one you really want. Alternatively, you can keep the name already registered and register a new one as well.

How can I check if a domain name is free?

Select "Domains/advanced search" within the upper part of navigation or "Home" in the left navigation, enter the domain name in the planned field for the search and click on "check". The system will return a message telling you whether the name is still free or already been registered. If it is free, you have the option of continuing directly with the registration of this domain name for yourself.

How can I find out who the current holder of a domain names is?

In order to examine whether a domain name is already registered and who is registered as the current holder, proceed as with the search for a free domain name and click in the search result on the link "whois" in order to regard the details.

How do I get hold of my domain name?

Domain names are assigned by central bodies (Registries). Such a registry is usually responsible for a particular, sometimes also for several TLDs. Across 4reg.net you can order domain names of most diverse TLDs and we lead through the registration to the appropriate registry for you. Usually the registration of a domain name is substantially more inexpensive by a provider than the direct order by you at the registry.

How does a new registration work in practice?

You can request the registration of a domain name on our web page. First you enter the desired domain name into the "Domain search" field in order to examine the availability. Follow the steps up to mailing your order. If further measures should be necessary for certain TLDs, you will receive appropriate message from our support. References are evident in special cases also during the order procedure.

Is there a maximum limit to the number of domain names I am permitted to register? Are there any discounts available?

There are no restrictions for the number of registered domain names. Exceptions form possibly isolated TLDs. With many domain registrations please ask our support for reseller conditions.

What can I use a domain name for?

A domain name is used usually for one's own homepage (corporate web presence, web Shop, private website etc..) and for eMail addresses. A website can be accessible via several domain names, therefore the domain name can lead for example as Co-Domain, ReDirect or Location on a web page, which already exists at a different address. This enables you to use several variants of your (company)name or different product names as domain names, which lead all on the same website. Likewise the same name can be registered under several Top Level Domains (e.g. de and com). You are not forced to have a website at all and you can use the domain name just for e-mail addresses. A forwarding to an already existing email address is also possible. Domain names can also be registered, without actively using it - for instance, because you are not yet finished with the realization of your InterNet presence or to make sure that a competitor is unable to use the domain name.

What data do I have to enter for the name servers?

You can chosse in the selection fields for the primary and the secondary name server one of our name servers, whose configuration is then made automatically. Alternatively the entry of own name servers is possible for the primary and/or for the secondary or for both name servers.

What does a domain name cost?

The costs of registering a domain name are to be found here.

What is a domain name?

How much more practically would it be, if you could enter at telephoning simply the name of your interlocutors in place of its telephone number? Names are lot more easily to remember than numbers - and domain names exactly provide this convenience. Computers in the InterNet communicate among themselves in place of the domain names by means of numerical addresses (called IP-Addresses), which identify each computer absolutely uniquely - just as a telephone number identifies a certain subscriber uniquely, only that you note here the name and not the number. An IP-Address looks for example like this: The use of domain names instead the IP-Addresses is made possible by the Domain Name System (DNS). Thus the web page of 4reg.net is attainable not only by the domain name, but also over the address of the web server Each domain name as well as the IP-Addresses has to be unique. In order to guarantee this, the assignment is handled by central bodies (the Registries).

What is a good domain name? Hints on choosing a name

Good domain names ought not be to long, because of its memorability. Easy to remember, have some sort of connection with your name, your company, your products or services etc. Depending upon the TLD special characters (e.g. characters with umlauts, accents and other diacritics) are possible, but bear in mind that users in other countries might have difficulties in typing in such characters, or that browsers and other items of software might not provide the necessary support for them. It is also to consider, under which TLD (de, com, eu etc.) you register your ideal name. In terms of functionality, it makes no difference, since all TLDs work throughout the whole InterNet. The TLD ".com" often is regarded as being particulary international, so businesses prefer to register their domain names with this ending (often additional to the Country Code TLD). In many cases also the availability of a domain name is decisive for the choice of the TLD. It is also possible to have several domain names which lead to the same web page.

What is needed for a domain name to be used?

Before a domain name can be used for a website, eMail or other services, a number of name servers must be set up for it. The web servers and mail servers will also need to have been set up. These services are provided by us.

What is the minimum data required for registering a domain name?

In the minimum the contact details are needed for the owner and the Admin-C. We act as billing contact in relation to the registry. The holder is to be considered as the owner of the domain name and is contracting party of the respective Registry. Owner and Admin-C can be the same person or company (as owner) in addition, them can be different.

What's the point in having a domain name of my own?

You need a domain name, in order to protect your unmistakable identity in the InterNet. In order to realize a web presence, an own domain name is not prerequisite - your web page could be called by passing through the domain name of your hosting provider, which could
look for example in such a way: www.4reg.net/~ihrname. This is often the sort of arrangement offered by free web hosting services. The disadvantage of such addresses is that they are not easy to memorise, not very elegant and worst of all, they are dependent on one provider. By moving to a new provider, the existing address of your website would lose its validity - with your own domain name the address for your web presence will never change, no matter how often you change providers, and it will also have some form of direct relation to you, your organisation or your sector of activity.

Where can I get IP addresses from?

You will receive automatically an IP address from us, if your domain name is hosted on our servers or you rented a server with us or have set up your own server with us.

Why is it that the domain name often only works with "www" in front of it, although it sometimes works without it?

The "www" that comes before the domain name in the majority of website URLs usually designates the host name (i.e. the name of the computer). It has become established practice to use "www" as the host name for the computer on which the WWW service is running. It is possible for something else to occur in front of the domain name and also for there to be nothing in front of it. It depends on what the customer wants and/or on how the provider has configured this in the name servers and web server.

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